Woven into the Earth - Textile Finds in Norse Greenland


 
 Item number: BV2304
 Item number: BV2304
 Catalog since: 17.04.2016
 ISBN13: 9788772889351
 

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Language:English
Condition:Brand new






Description

Else Østergård. Woven into the Earth - Textile Finds in Norse Greenland. 296 pages, ill.

One of the century`s most spectacular archaeological finds occurred in 1921 when Poul Nørlund recovered dozens of garments from a graveyard in the Norse settlement of Herjolfsnæs, Greenland. Preserved intact for centuries by the permafrost, these mediaeval garments display remarkable similarities to western European costumes of the time. Previously, such costumes were known only from contemporary illustrations, and the Greenland finds provided the world with a close look at how ordinary Europeans dressed in the Middle Ages. Fortunately for Nørlund`s team, wood has always been extremely scarce in Greenland, and instead of caskets, many of the bodies were found swaddled in multiple layers of cast-off clothing. Eighty years of technical advances and subsequent excavations have greatly added to our understanding of the Herjolfsnæs discoveries. In Woven into the Earth Else Østergård recounts the dramatic story of Nørlund`s excavation in the context of other Norse textile finds in Greenland. She describes what the finds tell us about the materials and methods used in making the clothes. The weaving and sewing techniques detailed here are surprisingly sophisticated, and one can only admire the talent of the women who employed them, especially considering the harsh conditions they worked under.

Contents INTRODUCTION 13 FINDS OF NORSE TEXTILES IN GREENLAND 17 1. Exhibitions of Norse textiles 19 2. Exhibitions in Greenland 19 3. Results of earlier analyses of Norse textiles 20 4. Man, Culture and Environment in Ancient Greenland 20 THE EXCAVATIONS 21 1. Herjolfsnæs (Ø111) 21 The churchyard rediscovered 21 The excavation in 1921 22 Placing of the graves 23 Garments used as grave clothing and shrouds 24 The Herjolfsnæs garments sent to Denmark 25 Find circumstances 27 Conservation of the garments 27 Exhibitions 28 2. Brattahlid (Ø29a), Qassiarsuk 29 3. Sandnæs (V51), Kilaarsafik 29 4. The Landnáma Farm (Ø17a) at Narsaq 30 5. The Farm Beneath the Sand (64V2-III-555) in the Western Settlement 30 THE TEXTILE FINDS FROM GREENLAND - OVERVIEW 32 A chronological presentation of the textile finds with a map of the find-spots THE SOURCE OF RAW MATERIALS 37 1. Sheep and goats 37 2. Sheep-farming and the use of the sheep 39 3. Everything was used 39 4. Disease among the sheep 40 5. Consumption of wool 40 PROCESSING OF THE RAW WOOL 42 1. The wool 42 2. Washing and sorting the wool 43 3. Combing 44 9 THE PRODUCTION OF THREAD 45 1. Spinning 45 2. The spindle 45 3. Top-whorl spindle 46 4. Bottom-whorl spindle 47 5. Spinning without a whorl 47 6. The distaff 49 7. Norse spindles 49 8. Spindle whorls 51 9. The thread 52 THE WARP-WEIGHTED LOOM 53 1. Presentation of the warp-weighted loom 53 2. The warp-weighted loom in use 53 3. Loom weights 54 4. Sword beaters 56 5. Working height 57 6. The weaving room 58 7. The loom and weaving room at the Farm Beneath the Sand 59 TECHNIQUES 61 1. ‘Shaft’ names 61 GREENLANDIC TEXTILES 62 1. The weaves 62 2. The Greenlandic va£mál 62 3. Weaving width 63 4. Weaving length 63 5. Starting borders 64 6. Selvedges 65 7. Weaving density 66 8. Tabby weaves 67 9. Repp 67 10. Panama weaves 67 11. 2/2 twill 68 12. 2/1 twill 68 13. Diamond twill 70 14. Diamond-patterned 2/2 twill 70 15. Striped weaves 71 16. Check weaves 72 17. Pile weaves 72 18. Goat-hair textiles 75 19. Felt 75 FLAX AND LINEN 76 1. Linen in Greenland 78 FIBRES AND DYES IN NORSE TEXTILES 79 By Penelope Walton Rogers 10 | Woven into the Earth THE PRODUCTION OF GARMENTS 93 1. The cutting of the Herjolfsnæs garments 93 2. Garment construction 95 3. Comparative material 95 4.Sewing 97 5. Sewing of pleats 99 6. Embroidery 101 7. Buttons 102 8. Buttonholes and eyelets 102 DECORATION OF GARMENTS 104 1. Borders 104 2. Braiding and cording 106 ACCESSORIES 108 1. Hairwork 108 2. Costume pins 109 3. Buckles 109 IMPLEMENTS 111 1. Needles 111 2. Needle whetstones 112 3. Needle cases 113 4. Weaving tablets 113 5. Seam smoothers 114 6. Smoothing boards 115 OTHER USES OF TEXTILES 116 1. Sails 116 2. Textile fragments from Inuit settlements 117 on Ellesmere Island and in Greenland 3. Tents 118. FURS AND SKINS 119. 1. Caulking 121. 2. Footwear 121. TEXTILE FRAGMENTS FROM GREENLAND 123. 1. Viking Age 123. Comparison with preserved fragments and whole garments 123. Comparison with Nordic pictorial material from theViking Age 124. The landnáma people in Greenland 127. 2. The Middle Ages 127. The Herjolfsnæs garments grouped according to types 127. The Herjolfsnæs garments compared with other preserved Nordic medieval garments and parts of garments 135. Fully dressed male bodies 141. Garment lengths relative to the heights of people from the Middle Ages 142. The last Norse Greenlander 144. 11 SUMMARY 145. CATALOGUE OF THE HERJOLFSNÆS FINDS. Explanation of the Catalogue Text 149. Where the Garments were placed 152. Catalogue 155. Garment Type Ia 155. Garment Type Ib 160. Garment Type Ic 174. Garment Type Id 185. Garment Type Ie 190. Garment Type If 192. Garment Type II 196. Hoods Type I 203. Hoods Type II 207. ‘Pill-box’ Caps 219. Stockings 223. Fragments of Leather, Cloth and Cords, Ornaments and Accessories 229. Garment finds, described by Nørlund, but which could not be preserved 231. The Lengths of the Garments 232. Analytical Tables of all Textile Finds 233. RADIOCARBON DATINGS OF NORSE TEXTILES 253. NOTES 256. BIBLIOGRAPHY 265. EXPLANATION OF SPECIFIC WORDS 274. LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 276. NAALISAANEQ (Summary in Greenlandic) 279. SUBJECT INDEX 283. PLACE AND NAME INDEX 287. MEASUREMENTS 289. Garments D10587. Hood D10600. Stocking D10613.



Verlag - Publishing House:Aarhus Universitetsforlag
Autoren - Authors:Else Østergård
Einband - Cover:Hardcover
Sprache - Language:englisch
Seitenanzahl - Page Number:296 pages, ill.
Format - Dimensions:21,5 x 30 cm
Buch-Gewicht - Book weight:1430g
Erscheinungsjahr - Publication Year:2004
Erscheinungsort - Place of Publication:Aarhus
Auflage - Edition:1
ISBN10:8772889357
ISBN13:9788772889351

Bibliographic Information

Verlag - Publishing House:Aarhus Universitetsforlag
Autoren - Authors:Else Østergård
Einband - Cover:Hardcover
Sprache - Language:englisch
Seitenanzahl - Page Number:296 pages, ill.
Format - Dimensions:21,5 x 30 cm
Buch-Gewicht - Book weight:1430g
Erscheinungsjahr - Publication Year:2004
Erscheinungsort - Place of Publication:Aarhus
Auflage - Edition:1
ISBN10:8772889357
ISBN13:9788772889351

Book Condition

Language:English
Condition:Brand new

Category-Series

Microdata - Book

Rich Snippets Microdata - Book - schema.org


Title:
Woven into the Earth - Textile Finds in Norse Greenland
Author:
Publisher:
Aarhus Universitetsforlag
Genre -Series
Frühes Mittelalter
ISBN13:
9788772889351
Date of Addition:
Cover:
https://www.antikmakler.de/media/image/product/26201/md/bv2304_en.jpg
URL:
Keywords:
Gewebt, textilfunde, bekleidung, mittelalter, eisenzeit, wikinger, archäologie
Description:

Else Østergård. Woven into the Earth - Textile Finds in Norse Greenland. 296 pages, ill.

One of the century`s most spectacular archaeological finds occurred in 1921 when Poul Nørlund recovered dozens of garments from a graveyard in the Norse settlement of Herjolfsnæs, Greenland. Preserved intact for centuries by the permafrost, these mediaeval garments display...

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